What to expect for a Windows Server Migration?

If you ever need to upgrade the hardware on your Windows server, Liquid Web’s Windows team is happy to help you through the migration process. While it is not the most simple process, keeping in communication with our Heroic Support teams will help make things go smoothly. Before beginning a Windows server migration it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with the overall process so you know what to expect.

Things to Consider

There are a few things to keep in mind when starting a migration. Review the items listed here to make sure you’re prepared for the process. Continue reading “What to expect for a Windows Server Migration?”

What is a FQDN?

What is a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN)?

When working with domains and DNS management understanding what a FQDN is can be very helpful. This article will help explain the concept of a FQDN and a domains different components.

The Parts of a Domain

A domain is made up of a two essential parts, the Top-Level Domain (TLD) and the main Domain Name which is what you register. The other component of domain names are the subdomains. Continue reading “What is a FQDN?”

How to Configure Cyberduck for Use with Storm Object Storage

Storm Object Storage delivers a durable, secure, highly available solution for storage needs of virtually any size. With object storage access occurs via API calls to the object storage cluster, which replaces the need to rely on additional servers for dedicated storage.

Here we use the client Cyberduck to interact with Storm Object Storage. Cyberduck is available for download from https://cyberduck.io/?l=en.

Pre-Flight Check
  • These instructions are intended specifically for configuring Cyberduck for use with Storm Object Storage.
  • I’ll be working from a Microsoft Windows 8 desktop with Cyberduck already installed.

Continue reading “How to Configure Cyberduck for Use with Storm Object Storage”

How To Set up Email in Outlook 2016

Pre-Flight Check

 

Step #1: Add or Edit the Email Account

Continue reading “How To Set up Email in Outlook 2016”

Log In to Storm VPN using ShrewVPN on Windows 8, 8.1 & 10


Using a VPN connection to manage your server can have a handful of benefits. Generally the most important benefit to using a VPN is security. When you connect to the Storm VPN your internet traffic to the Liquid Web network will be encrypted.

Your computer will be connecting to your server using a local VPN IP address. If your home IP is blocked you can still use your VPN connection to access the server. It’s important to note that Storm VPN connections cannot be used to access servers outside Liquid Web’s network.
Continue reading “Log In to Storm VPN using ShrewVPN on Windows 8, 8.1 & 10”

How to: Using killall to Stop Processes with Command Line

Sometimes you may find your server in a state of high load caused by out control of processes. First you’ll want to use a command like htop, top, or ps, to get an idea on the server’s current state. If you aren’t familiar with those utilities we’d suggest checking our our article on htop.

After you have an initial assessment of the server’s current load you will have a better idea on how to proceed. More often than not the load is likely being caused by regular server traffic and usage.

Generally that will mean the load is being caused by a high number of Apache, PHP, or MySQL processes. After all most servers are hosting websites and these are the most commonly required programs to run a website. With that in mind during times of high load it’s often nice to quickly stop all processes of a certain type.
Continue reading “How to: Using killall to Stop Processes with Command Line”

Restore Your WordPress Database with WP-CLI

This article is a follow up to a previous article on the process of backing up a WordPress database with wp-cli. You may want to read that article before this one.

In this article you will learn how to restore a WordPress database backup using wp-cli tool. Having this skill at your disposal is crucial for situations where you need to restore a backup in a pinch. This skill can be particularly helpful if you are testing major changes and need to revert back.

Pre-flight Check:

  • These instructions were created with a cPanel-based server in mind.
  • Command line access via SSH will be necessary to follow along.
  • The server must have WP-CLI installed, for installation directions see this tutorial.

Continue reading “Restore Your WordPress Database with WP-CLI”

Find the IP of a Linux Server in Command Line

Knowing your server’s IP address(s) can be a useful bit of information to have for various reasons. After all, other than your domain, the server’s IP is the main address used to reach the server. Knowing a server’s IPs may be necessary when making changes to: DNS, networking, and security. A server may have a single IP, or multiple IPs, sometimes you need a quick way double check since it’s easy to forget.

This tutorial will teach you how to check the IPs of any modern Linux server. To follow along will simply need access to the server via SSH or TTY.

Pre-flight Check:

  • This tutorial requires basic knowledge of SSH and command line.
    See our KB article on command line access via SSH.
  • You must have SSH access to the server.

Check IPs with Command Line

  1. Begin the process by logging into your server via SSH:
    ssh liquidweb.example
  2. Now logged in via SSH, run the following command to check the servers IP:
    ip route

    This command is using the `ip` tool and is calling the `route` object, this command prints the current routing table.

Reading the Results

Once you execute that command you’ll see output similar to the following text. This is showing the servers IP routing table, essentially this is a set of rules used to determine where data will be directed.

When using this technique to find a server’s IPs you’ll keep an eye out for lines containing `src` followed by an IP. On these lines, the IP address following `src` are an IP configured on the server.

default via 203.0.113.1 dev eth0
203.0.113.0/24 dev eth0 proto kernel scope link src 203.0.113.86
198.51.0.0/16 dev eth0 scope link metric 1002
Any device using IP addresses will have a routing table used to determine the devices networking behavior.

In the example results, shown above, you see a severs routing table showing that the server has an IP address of: `203.0.113.86`.

While it may not look like much to new users these lines are dense with information. Each line of the routing table is there to describe a different behavior or condition. More information on these can be found in the ip commands manual pages, these can be found in the command line using `man ip route`. You can also read the man page online here.

Featured Freeware: htop

Featured Freeware highlights some of the Liquid Web staff’s favorite free software. This can range from useful command line tools, open-source packges useful in web-development, or even multi-platform applications. This week we are covering a treasured favorite, htop.

Note: This post assumes you have a working knowledge of top. You can read our article on using top, if you are not familiar with the tool.

htop, or Hisham’s top, is an interactive process viewer for Unix systems. With htop you are provided the same functionality as top, however it provides some needed improvements. Most are in areas where top shows some of it’s age; for example, in htop you can scroll the list of processes vertically and horizontally to see all the process info.

Another benefit is that htop seems to start significantly faster, generally when using top there is a bit of a delay while the program loads up some initial data. So now that you know the basics of how htop differs from top, lets get to using it. First you’ll need to ensure it’s installed on the server and if not we’ll try to get it installed.
Continue reading “Featured Freeware: htop”

Backup Your WordPress Database with WP-CLI

In this article you will learn how to backup your WordPress database using the wp-cli tool. Knowing how to backup your database is a critical skill to have when running a WordPress site. All your posts, pages, and more live in your database; keeping backups is critical.

You should always take a backup before any major changes to your site, just in case. It’s much quicker to take a backup now and do a restore if you need to, than to find a useful backup when you need it.

Pre-flight Check:

  • These instructions were created with a cPanel-based server in mind.
  • Command line access via SSH will be necessary to follow along.
  • The server must have WP-CLI installed, for installation directions see this tutorial.

To follow along with this tutorial you will need to have WP-CLI installed. If you have not yet installed wp-cli on your server feel free to read our tutorial here on that subject.

  1. Login to the server via SSH as the cPanel user that owns the domain, or the root user.
    ssh wordpress@198.51.100.142

    In the example we are using ssh to connect to the server. You can follow the rest of the steps even if you connect via alternative means(TTY, a Windows SSH Gui, etc).

    If you login as root you will need to use `su` to take on the user which owns the WordPress site before you continue.

  2. Now logged in (as the cPanel user) change to the WordPress root folder:
    cd ~/public_html

    We’re using a cPanel server so we know WordPress should be installed in the `public_html` folder. If you are not on a cPanel server it will be in a different location.
  3. Once in the WordPress root folder (where you can find wp-config.php) you can use the wp-cli tool. To backup your database run one of the following commands:
    • Backup the database to the current folder:
      wp db exportThis will use all the defaults for exporting the database as a backup. This means it will be in the current folder and will have the same name as the database.
    • Backup the database to a specific file:
      wp db export ../my_wordpress_db.sqlUsing this command will backup the database to a file called “my_wordpress_db.sql” and will put it in the folder above the current one (or `../`). This is done as a security measure to ensure no one can download your database.

Once you’ve run the export command you’ll see confirmation output like the following:

Success: Exported to ‘../my_wordpress_db.sql’.

After you see that confirmation your WordPress database is officially backed up. Now you can continue making changes or updates and will have a way to restore if anything goes wrong.