Zabbix is an open-sourced tool used to monitor various IT components such as servers and hardware that they are running, cloud services, whole networks, etc. Zabbix can monitor the network health and integrity of your servers. All monitoring can be done through Zabbix’s web-based frontend. This means that you can quickly check the status of your servers from anywhere! This article describes how to install the Zabbix monitoring tool, create a database, and configure the frontend on Ubuntu 20.04.
An intrusion detection system (or IDS) is a hardware device or software program that observers a network or system for security policy violations or malicious activity. Typically, any activity or intrusion violation is reported to either an administrator or is collected and logged in a central location using a security information and event management system (or SIEM) system. This system is a security-based technology developed initially for detecting exploits and vulnerabilities used against a computer or other target applications.
IDS systems are usually a passive system that monitors and reports issues that need to be investigated. This product differs from an Intrusion Prevention System (or IPS) in the sense that an IPS assumes an active role by monitoring and defending the system against threats. If a prospective danger is seen, the IPS quickly takes action to prevent any detected exploits from occupying and seizing the system.
In part one of How to Troubleshoot SMTP Errors, we reviewed email status codes, internal reasons for email issues, and troubleshooting steps to address those issues. In part two of this series, we will examine some of the external reasons for email issues.
External Reasons for Email Issues
After we have tested the local server and see the local server is working correctly, we can infer that the issue lies with one of the following external problems:
The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is a communication protocol used to transmit email between corresponding email servers. Using an email client like Mac Mail, Outlook, Thunderbird, or web clients like Gmail or Windows Live, SMTP can send messages to an email server. Although SMTP was initially designed as an email transport and delivery system, it later encompassed the email submission protocols that are now in use by both the Post Office Protocol (POP) and the Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP). The above-noted email clients use these protocols to retrieve email from an email server. When this system fails, it provides the means to identify and resolve SMTP errors.
A pipe is a form of redirection in Linux used to connect the STDOUT of one command into the STDIN of a second command. It allows us to narrow the output of a string of commands until we have an easily digestible amount of data. The pipe character is the | symbol and is placed between any two commands. Pipes are one of the most used command-line features that Linux has. Every article showing Linux commands will almost inevitably include pipes.
The most effective method to protect a server from sending spam is to prevent it in the first place. In this article, we provide several techniques to use to keep the server from sending out unwanted spam or junk mail. Typically, unwanted, and unsolicited spam email is usually bulk sent out to an indiscriminate list of recipients. Spam is often used for commercial purposes but can be sent out in massive volume by a botnet or a network of infected computers.
A Kubernetes Secret is an object that enables us to store and manage sensitive information. A Secret can contain data like SSH keys, OAuth data, or other user authentication information like passwords. It is typically stored within a cluster in a manner native to Kubernetes. Using a Secret object provides more granular control over how highly sensitive data is used. It also lowers the risk of data exposure to unauthorized parties.
One of the most popular command-line utilities is the find command, mainly because of its simplicity and versatility. It’s the default option to search for files across multiple UNIX based systems with a wide range of parameters and variables to narrow down our searches. It helps look for files matching a specific name, date, size, or even owner to provide a frame to append other commands to the list of files found. The basic structure of the find command is as follows.
The idea of blockchain itself may sound complicated, but the premise is simple. Blockchain is a zero-trust, fully decentralized peer-to-peer data storage system that spreads verified information across participants in the chain, referred to as nodes. Blockchain stores this information in blocks that are chained together. As new data arrives, it is recorded into a block. Once a block has been filled with information, it is linked to the previous block. This process allows the data to be bound together in sequential and chronological order.
KubeKey is the newest Kubernetes installer for KubeSphere. KubeSphere is a distributed OS management system for cloud-native applications using Kubernetes as its kernel. It provides a plug-and-play structure for seamless integration of many third-party applications. It is somewhat similar in nature to MiniKube for installing Kubernetes.
KubeKey was developed using the Go programming language. It provides a quick method to install Kubernetes and any additional add-ons using Chart or YAML files. KubeKey uses the kubeadm application to install a Kubernetes cluster on multiple nodes in a synchronous manner to reduce the complexity of the installation and improve efficiency. Using KubeKey reduces installation time considerably compared to many other installation techniques.