Today we will become acquainted with a concept known as Infrastructure as Code. The idea of Infrastructure as Code is becoming more and more popular today. IaC is a method used to manage and provision a data center via defined machine-readable files instead of physical hardware configuration or other interactive configuration tools. This article will share what it is used for, why it is important, and why businesses strive to utilize this platform to achieve a desired set of results. It is essential to understand that we will consider both the theoretical and practical parts of IaC.
DevOps is a set of various tools, practices, and ideals that combine software development (Dev) and IT Operations (Ops) into a single unifying force. It allows for better collaboration between developers, operations teams, system administrators, and system engineers. Their streamlined goal is to continually provide a high-value software product to the customer at high speed while monitoring and improving the overall process than using traditional software and infrastructure management.
In this article, we will be reviewing the Chef software, how it works, and why it is useful. We will also explore how it is helpful in DevOps. And then, we will install Chef on Ubuntu 18.04.
What is Chef?
Chef is a configuration management system written in Ruby and Erlang using the object-oriented language for configurations description. It is used to ease the task of configuring and maintaining multiple servers. It can be integrated into cloud platforms, such as the new Liquid Web Managed Cloud and VMWare platforms to manage the server’s configuration processes.
Configuration management is the process by which a company or organization defines and tracks the state of its infrastructural resources. Encapsulated in those resources are both physical hardware and software. It is a means to ensure that when changes are made to a system, those changes are tracked, geared toward the ultimate predefined criteria of what state should be.
Puppet is a cross-platform client-server based application used for configuration management. It handles the software and its configurations on multiple servers. There are two versions available. One is open-source, the other is a commercial version. It works on both Linux and Windows platforms. It uses a declarative approach to automate updates, installations, and other tasks. This feature allows the software to configure those systems using files called manifests. A manifest contains the instructions for a group or type of server(s) being controlled.
High availability is the description of a system designed to be fault-tolerant, highly dependable, operates continuously without intervention, or having a single point of failure. These systems are highly sought after to increase the availability and uptime required to keep an infrastructure running without issue. The following characteristics define a High Availability system.
nmcli stands for Network Management Command-Line Interface, and is a tool for managing the NetworkManager application and reporting on the status of the network. It can be utilized as a substitution for nm-applet or other similar graphical clients. nmcli is used to display, create, delete, edit, activate, deactivate network connections, and control and display network device status.
Typical uses include:
Scripts: Utilize NetworkManager via nmcli rather than managing network connections manually. nmcli supports a terse output format that is healthier fitted to the script process. Note that NetworkManager can even execute scripts, referred to as “dispatcher scripts,” responding to network events.
Servers, headless machines, and terminals: nmcli tool can be used to control NetworkManager without a graphical user interface, including creating, deleting, editing, starting and stopping network connections as well as viewing network status.
Cloud automation is a blanket term that is often used to denote specialized software, tools, and operations that help us reduce the manual effort when it comes to deploying and maintaining cloud-based IT infrastructure. Simply put, it is automating tasks programmatically.
SNMP, or Simple Network Management Protocol, is widely used to communicate with and monitor network devices, servers, and more, all via IP. In the previous article, we installed an SNMP agent on a CentOS 6.5 server. This agent allows for the collection of data from our server and makes the information available to a remote SNMP manager. To add a little security, we’ll now change the port that SNMP listens on.Continue reading “How To Change the SNMP Port on CentOS”→