First, let’s define what a port is. According to the IEFT, a port is:
“A logical entity for Internet communication. Ports serve two main purposes: 1. They provide a demultiplexing identifier to separate transport sessions between the same pair of endpoints 2. They may also identify the application protocol and associated service to which processes connect.”
In plain English, this simply means that a port is an endpoint through which data flows back and forth between two computers over a network. A computer has 65535 ports available to share information. These port numbers are based on a 16-bit number, which is where we derive the total number of available ports (0 to 65535).
While there are many ways to make sure your server is as secure as possible, there are some basic steps that we can take to increase security. Users with a Linux server can change their SSH port to something other than the default port (22). The steps listed below, outline this task providing steps to enable this change.
The hosts file is a local plain text file that maps servers or hostnames to IP addresses. This file has been in use since the time of ARPANET. It was the original method to resolve hostnames to a specific IP address. The hosts file is usually the first process in the domain name resolution procedure. Here is an example of a hosts file entry.
“A No-code development platform allows programmers and non-programmers to create application software through graphical user interfaces and configuration instead of traditional computer programming1.” Various software tools and applications are being used all around us each day. You might be asking yourself, “How do they do it?”.
Kubectl is a command-line tool for Kubernetes. It allows us to execute Kubernetes operations via the API. We can use Kubectl to deploy apps, check logs as well as manage all the other resources of the cluster.
Kubernetes uses an HTTP-based REST API which is the actual Kubernetes user interface employed to manage it. This means that every Kubernetes operation is represented as an API endpoint and can be carried out based on an HTTP-request sent to the endpoint.
In this article, we will review Kubectl, and outline its installation, configuration, and use.
PyCharm is a widely used IDE or integrated development environment for Python, which can run on Windows, Linux, or macOS. This cross-platform, application, combined with its being open-source, has caused PyCharm to be one of the fastest-growing IDEs since its development in 2010. PyCharm comes in two flavors: community edition or professional.
A Virtual Environment or a “venv” is a Python module that creates a unique environment for each task or project. It installs the packages we need that are unique to that setting while keeping your projects neatly organized. Additionally, venv never actually modifies the system’s default Python versions or modules that are installed on the system. Using venv essentially allows for a unique working environment while avoiding any disruptions to other variants of Python that are used, but not related to our project.
OpenSSH is an open-source utility developed by The OpenBSD Project. SSH stands for “Secure SHell.” This service encrypts traffic on both ends, eliminating security risks from hackers or eavesdroppers. It can be used for remote operations like file transfers and offers key-based passwordless authentication. In this tutorial, we will demonstrate how to harness the power of SSH’s on your Windows server to send basic remote commands and transfer files using password authentication.
Minikube is the name of a software program written in Go, which can build a local Kubernetes cluster on a single host. It uses a meager amount of resources to run a mini Kubernetes deployment. Minikube is mainly used for testing purposes using different scenarios or versions of Kubernetes