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What is a Hosts File?
The hosts file is a plain text file which maps hostnames to IP addresses. This file has been in use since the time of ARPANET. It was the original method to resolve hostnames to a specific IP address. The hosts file is usually the first process in the domain name resolution procedure. Here is an example of a hosts file entry.
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In this article, we will review the Nmap software program and multiple commands. Nmap is an open-source mainstream tool used by network administrators to scan ports and map networks. Nmap commands are primarily used to identify which ports certain software is running on our system. It is also used to discover available hosts and what services they are offering and detecting potential security risks. Using Nmap, you can check a single host or a complete network. In this tutorial, we will cover several basic as well as advanced Nmap commands in the “Pro Tips and Tricks” section of the article.
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Reading Time: < 1 minutelocalhost is a networking term; it’s the hostname for the loopback network interface of whichever server it’s said in reference to (meaning every server has a ‘localhost‘). The loopback interface bypasses any local network interface hardware, and serves as a method to connect back to the server itself. The term localhost is used often in both networking and in server administration.
The IPv4 address for localhost, or the loopback network interface, is 127.0.0.1.
The IPv6 address for localhost, or the loopback network interface, is ::1.