MongoDB is a NoSQL database intended for storing large amounts of data in document-oriented storage with dynamic schemas. NoSQL refers to a database with a data model other than the tabular format used in relational databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Microsoft SQL. MongoDB features include: full index support, replication, high availability, and auto-sharding.
- These instructions are intended for installing MongoDB on a single Ubuntu 14.04 LTS node.
- I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Core Managed Ubuntu 14.04 LTS server, and I’ll be logged in as a non-root user, but with sudo access. For information on giving a user sudo access visit our page on How to Add a User and Grant Root Privileges on Ubuntu 14.04.
First we’ll import the MongoDB public key used by the package management system:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10
Then we’ll create a list file for MongoDB:
echo 'deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list
Now reload the package database:
sudo apt-get update
At this point, installing MongoDB is as simple as running just one command:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org
If you’d like MongoDB to auto-update with apt-get than you’re done with the installation. But, it’s possible to ‘pin’ the version of MongoDB you just installed to prevent apt-get from auto-updating.
echo "mongodb-org hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-shell hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-org-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
sudo service mongod start
Check MongoDB Service Status
sudo service mongod status
Summary List of Status Statistics (Continuous)
Summary List of Status Statistics (5 Rows, Summarized Every 2 Seconds)
mongostat --rowcount 5 2
Enter the MongoDB Command Line
By default, running this command will look for a MongoDB server listening on port 27017 on the localhost interface.
If you’d like to connect to a MongoDB server running on a different port, then use the –port option. For example, if you wanted to connect to a local MongoDB server listening on port 22222, then you’d issue the following command:
mongo --port 22222
sudo service mongod stop
sudo service mongod restart
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