How to Install and Configure vsftpd on Fedora 22

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is probably the most popular method of uploading files to a server; a wide array of FTP servers, such as vsftpd, and clients exist for every platform.

Pre-Flight Check

  • These instructions are intended specifically for installing the vsfptd on Fedora 22.
  • I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Self Managed Fedora 22 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.

Step 1: Install vsftpd

Warning: FTP data is insecure; traffic is not encrypted, and all transmissions are clear text (including usernames, passwords, commands, and data). Consider securing your FTP connection with SSL/TLS.

As a matter of best practice we’ll update our packages:

dnf -y update

Then let’s install vsftpd and any required packages:

dnf -y install vsftpd

Step 2: Configure vsftpd

For a refresher on editing files with vim see: New User Tutorial: Overview of the Vim Text Editor

If vim is not installed on your OS, than you can follow our tutorial on installing vim here: How to Install VIM (Visual editor IMproved) on Fedora 22

Let’s edit the configuration file for vsftpd:

vim /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

Disallow anonymous, unidentified users to access files via FTP; change the anonymous_enable setting to NO:

anonymous_enable=NO

Allow local uses to login by changing the local_enable setting to YES:

local_enable=YES

If you want local user to be able to write to a directory, then change the write_enable setting to YES:

write_enable=YES

Local users will be ‘chroot jailed’ and they will be denied access to any other part of the server; change the chroot_local_user setting to YES:

chroot_local_user=YES

Exit and save the file with the command :wq.

Restart the vsftpd service:

systemctl restart vsftpd

Then set the vsftpd service to start at boot:

systemctl enable vsftpd

Step 3: Allow vsftpd Through the Firewall

Allow the default FTP port, port 21, through firewalld:

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=21/tcp

And reload the firewall:

firewall-cmd --reload

Possible Errors

There are a couple of common vsftpd errors that we’ve already solved for you! Check-out the following if you run into issues:

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