If you are a Windows administrator who has recently been tasked with administering a Linux-based Ubuntu server, you may find that utilizing Microsoft Powershell may help ease the transition into Linux, and allow you to be more productive. If you are a Linux administrator who is interested in exploring the options that Powershell provides, then this tutorial is for you as well.Continue reading “Installing Microsoft Powershell on Ubuntu 18.04”
Windows roles provide a method to define the utilization types a server has available. These roles are necessary to properly utilize a server for the desired use cases, whether it is to be simply a file server, a print server, or a web server. Typically to act in a specific type of role, a server may require additional features that need to be installed in order to best perform that role. The number of roles available on a Windows Server has grown to the point where the Microsoft Windows’ help pages have gone from reporting what limited roles are deployable, to listing only non-incorporated roles.Continue reading “What are Windows Roles?”
What is OpenVPN?
As noted previously in our OpenVPN article, OpenVPN is an open-source Windows software package used to create a secure, site-to-site VPN connection that provides remote access between two locations. OpenVPN consists of three parts:
- The OpenVPN-AS Server
- The Admin Web Interface/Admin GUI
- The Connection Clients
A Virtual Environment or a “venv” is a Python module that creates a unique environment for each task or project. It installs the packages we need that are unique to that setting while keeping your projects neatly organized. Additionally, venv never actually modifies the system’s default Python versions or modules that are installed on the system. Using venv essentially allows for a unique working environment while avoiding any disruptions to other variants of Python that are used, but not related to our project.Continue reading “How To Setup A Python Virtual Environment On Windows 10”
In this article, we will discuss Windows logging, using the event viewer and denoting where the windows logs are stored.
Windows VPS server options include a robust logging and management system for logs. These logs record events as they happen on your server via a user process, or a running process. This information is very helpful in troubleshooting services and other issues, or to investigate a security problem.Continue reading “Where Are The Windows Logs Stored?”
When running MSSQL or Microsoft SQL Server, we need to determine whether it is optimized or will it need more resources to achieve better performance. This article reviews what behaviors to look for, where to find them, and how to view signs of distress.Continue reading “Finding Resource Usage Details in MSSQL”
What is Tomcat?
Apache Tomcat installs several Java Enterprise Edition specs including Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages, Java EL, and WebSocket. It provides for a “pure Java” HTTP web server environment in which Java code can run.
Tomcat 9 is the latest version of Apache’s Tomcat service and can easily be installed on Windows to serve as a convenient way to run Java.
There are many features and tools that Tomcat 9 has to offer that can make the deployment of web pages more manageable, including the use of JavaServer Pages.
Reading Time: 2 minutesMac users work in their native Unix environment are familiar with using the terminal to SSH into their Linux-based servers. When using a Mac to log into a Windows environment, or vice versa, the task is performed differently. Window machines use a different protocol, one aptly named RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol). For our tutorial, we’ll explore how to use your Mac to connect to a Windows server. Let’s get started!
Reading Time: 2 minutesWindows periodically checks for the latest updates and security features for your devices. Automatic updates are implemented with the intention of running your device smoothly and securely. With top security in mind, most Liquid Web servers are set to automatically install these updates thus saving you the task of remembering to implement critical updates or patches.
The vast majority of the times, windows updates complete successfully, keeping you and your customers safe. These updates rarely cause any server issues, but you may find that you want to roll back an update due to an unforeseen server change. Fear not, in this tutorial we’ll show you how to easily undo a Windows update on 2016, 2008R2 and 2012R2 servers.
Server 2016 with Windows 10
- Click on the Start button, search for Windows Update and hit Enter.
- Go to View Update History and select Uninstall Updates. Click the update you are wanting to uninstall/remove. (Generally, these are the most recent installs.)
- When the installed update window comes up, you can see the updates by name, KB number, type of program, version, and even the date of installation.
- Select the update and choose Uninstall. Follow the on screen instructions.
- Depending on the update, there may be a need to reboot the server to complete removal.
- While you are still in the Windows Update screen, select the offending update and click Hide Update. ** Once the Update is fixed and it is safe to install, then you can go in and manually install it on your system.
Complete the removal of the update by rebooting the server.
Server 2008R2 and 2012R2 with Windows 7/8
- Go to the Start button and select Control Panel.
- Go to Programs >> Uninstall a program.
- Select the program and right-click to Uninstall.
- Select the update you would like to revert.
- Select Yes to uninstall the selected update.
- Select the Restart Now button.
- While you are still in the Updates screen, select the offending update and right-click, to select Hide Update. ** To re-instate the update you can manually install it on your system.
Complete the removal of the update by rebooting the server.
Reading Time: 4 minutesWhen looking to host websites or services from a Windows server, there are several options to consider. It is worth reviewing the strengths and weaknesses of each server type to determine which one is most likely to meet your particular needs before you spend the time installing and configuring a web service.
Some of the most common web servers available for Windows services are Tomcat, Microsoft IIS (Internet Information Services), and of course the Apache server. Many server owners will choose to use a control panel which manages most of the common tasks usually needed to administer a web server such as e-mail and firewall configuration.
At LiquidWeb, that option means you’re using one of our Fully Managed Windows Servers with Plesk. Alternately, some administrators who need more flexibility choose one of our Core or Self-Managed Windows Servers. This article is intended for the latter type of server with no Plesk (or other) server management control panel.
This guide was written for a 64-bit Windows server since a modern server is more likely to utilize that platform. There are also a few potential issues with Apache on a Windows 32-bit systems (non-64-bit) which you should be aware of and can be reviewed here.
While there are several mirrors to choose from for downloading the pre-compiled Apache binaries for windows, we’ll be using ApacheHaus for our purposes.
(This is the 64-bit version with OpenSSL version 1.1.1a included). If you would like to utilize an alternate version they are listed here: Available Versions Page
Install Apache on Windows
We will assume that you have installed all the latest available updates for your version of Windows. If not, it is critical to do so now to avoid unexpected issues. These instructions are specifically adapted from the directions provided by ApacheHaus where we obtained the binary package. You may find the entire document in the extracted Apache folder under the file “readme_first.html”.
Visual C++ Installation
Before installing Apache, we first need to install the below package. Once it has been installed, it is often a good idea to restart the system to ensure any remaining changes requiring a restart are completed.
- Download the Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable Package and install it.
- Restart (optional but recommended).
- Extract the compressed Apache download. While you can extract it to any directory it is the best practice to extract it to the root directory of the drive it is located on (our example folder is located in C:\Apache24). This is the location we will be using for these instructions. Please note that once installed you can see Apache’s base path by opening the configuration file and checking the “ServerRoot” directive).
- Open an “Administrator” command prompt. (Click the Windows “Start” icon, then type “cmd”. Right-click the “Command Prompt” item which appears, and select “Run As Administrator.”)
- Change to the installation directory (For our purposes C:\Apache24\bin).
- Run the program httpd.exe.
- You will likely notice a dialogue box from the Windows Firewall noting that some features are being blocked. If this appears, place a checkmark in “Private Networks…” as well as “Public Networks…”, and then click “Allow access.”
- As noted in the ApacheHaus instructions:
“You can now test your installation by opening up your Web Browser and typing in the address: http://localhost
If everything is working properly, you should see the ApacheHaus’ test page.“
To shut down the new Apache server instance, you can go back to the Command Prompt and press “Control-C”.
- Now that you have confirmed the Apache server is working and shut it down, you are ready to install Apache as a system service.
- In your Command Prompt window, enter (or paste) the following command:
httpd.exe -k install -n "Apache HTTP Server"
Installing the 'Apache HTTP Server' service
The 'Apache HTTP Server' service is successfully installed.
Errors reported here must be corrected before the service can be started.
(this line should be blank)
- From your Command Prompt window enter the following command and press ‘Enter.’
Look for the service “Apache HTTP Server.” Looking towards the left of that line you should see “Automatic.” If you do not, double-click the line and change the Startup Type to “Automatic.”
- Restart your server and open a web browser once you are logged back in. Go to this page in the browser’s URL bar: http://localhost/
Configure Windows’ Firewall
To allow connections from the Internet to your new web server, you will need to configure a Windows Firewall rule to do so. Follow these steps:
- Click the “Windows Start” button, and enter “firewall.” Click the “Windows Firewall With Advanced Security” item.
- Click “New Rule” on the right-hand sidebar.
- Select “Port,” and click Next. Select the radio button next to “Specific remote ports:” Enter the following into the input box: 80, 443, 8080
- Click Next, then select the radio button next to “Allow the connection.”
- Click Next, ensure all the boxes on the next page are checked, then click Next again.
- For the “name” section, enter a description that is familiar enough that you will be able to recognize the rule’s purpose later such as: “Allow Incoming Apache Traffic.”
- Click “finish.”
- Try connecting to your server’s IP address from a device other than the one you are using to connect to the server right now. Open a browser and enter the IP address of your server. For example, http://192.168.1.21/. You should see the test web page.
- For now, go back to the Windows firewall and right-click the new rule you created under the “Inbound Rules” section. Click “Disable Rule.” This will block any incoming connections until you have removed or renamed the default test page as it exposes too much information about the server to the Internet. Once you are ready to start serving your new web pages, re-enable that firewall rules, and they should be reachable from the Internet again.
That’s it! You now have the Apache Web Server installed on your Windows server. From here you’ll likely want to install some Apache modules. Almost certainly you will need to install the PHP module for Apache, as well as MySQL. Doing so is beyond the scope of this tutorial; however, you should be able to find a variety of instructions by searching “How to Install PHP (or other) Apache module on Windows server,” or similar at your favorite search engine.