How to Add a User and Grant Root Privileges on Ubuntu 16.04

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS provides you the ability to add a user for anyone who plans on accessing your server.  Creating a user is a basic setup but an important and critical one for your server security. In this tutorial, we will create a user and grant administrative access, known as root, to your trusted user.

 

Pre-Flight Check

  1. Open a terminal and log in as root.  
  2. Work on a Linux Ubuntu 16.04 server

Step 1:  Add The User

Create a username for your new user, in my example my new user is Tom:

adduser tom

You’ll then be prompted to enter a password for this user.   We recommend using a strong password because malicious bots are programmed to guess simple passwords. If you need a secure password, this third party password generator can assist with creating one.

Output:

~# adduser tom
Adding user `tom' ...
Adding new group `tom' (1002) ...
Adding new user `tom' (1002) with group `tom' ...
Creating home directory `/home/tom' ...
Copying files from `/etc/skel' ...
Enter new UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: password updated successfully

Note
Usernames should be lowercase and avoid special characters. If you receive the error below, alter the username. ~# adduser Tom
adduser: Please enter a username matching the regular expression configured via the NAME_REGEX[_SYSTEM] configuration variable.  Use the `--force-badname' option to relax this check or reconfigure NAME_REGEX.

 

Prompts will appear to enter in information on your new user.  Entering this information is not required and can be skipped by pressing enter in each field.

Enter the new value or press ENTER for the default
Full Name []:
Room Number []:
Work Phone []:
Home Phone []:
Other []:

 

Lastly, the system will ask you to review the information for accuracy.  Enter Y to continue to our next step.

Is the information correct? [Y/n]

 

Step 2: Grant Root Privileges

Assigning a user root access is to grant a user the highest power.  My user, Tom, can then make changes to the system as a whole, so it’s critical to allow this access only to users who need it. Afterward, Tom will be able to use sudo before commands that are usually designed to be used by the root user.

usermod -aG sudo tom

 

Step 3: Verify New User

As root, you can switch to your new user with the su – command and then test to see if your new user has root privileges.

su - tom

If the user has properly been granted root access the command below will show tom in the list.

grep '^sudo' /etc/group

Output:

sudo:x:27:tom

 

Remove Permissions for a MySQL User on Linux via Command Line

Pre-Flight Check
  • These instructions are intended for revoking a MySQL user permissions on Linux via the command line
  • I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Core Managed CentOS 6.5 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.

Continue reading “Remove Permissions for a MySQL User on Linux via Command Line”

Grant Permissions to a MySQL User on Linux via Command Line

Pre-Flight Check
  • These instructions are intended for granting a MySQL user permissions on Linux via the command line
  • I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Core Managed CentOS 6.5 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.

Continue reading “Grant Permissions to a MySQL User on Linux via Command Line”