Apache Tomcat is an open source web server used to deploy and serve JavaServer Pages (JSP) and Java servlets.
- These instructions are intended specifically for installing Apache Tomcat 8 on Ubuntu 12.04.
- I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Core Managed Ubuntu 12.04 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.
- As of the publication of this tutorial Apache Tomcat 8 is in beta. To install a production version visit our tutorial on installing Apache Tomcat 7.
First, head-on-over to the Apache Tomcat 8 Download site.
Then, under the heading
From your server, download Apache Tomcat 8 from the URL you copied in the previous step:
After the download completes, decompress the file:
tar xvzf apache-tomcat-8.0.5.tar.gz
Now, move the file into a proper location:
mv apache-tomcat-8.0.5 /opt/tomcat
Before you can use Tomcat you’ll have to install the Java Development Kit (JDK) 7. First let’s check to see if Java is installed:
If that returns the following then Java hasn’t yet been installed:
The program 'java' can be found in the following packages:
To install Java, simply run the following command (and at the prompt enter
apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk
Now let’s set the environment variables in .bashrc:
Add this information to the end of the file:
Simply save and exit .bashrc, then make the changes effective by running the following command:
Tomcat and Java should now be installed and configured on your server. To activate Tomcat, run the following script:
You should get a result similar to:
Using CATALINA_BASE: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-amd64/
Using CLASSPATH: /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Verify that Tomcat is working by visiting the_IP_of_your_server:8080. For example: http://127.0.0.1:8080