Apache Tomcat is an open source web server used to deploy and serve JavaServer Pages (JSP) and Java servlets.
- These instructions are intended specifically for installing Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 12.04.
- I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Core Managed Ubuntu 12.04 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.
Easy… just one command!
apt-get install tomcat7
First, head-on-over to the Apache Tomcat 7 Download site.
Then, under the heading 7.0.53 (this is the current version as of May 2014), or whichever is the newest version at the time you read this article, you’ll see Binary Distributions. Under Binary Distributions you’ll see Core and then tar.gz. Right click on tar.gz and copy the URL.
From your server, download Apache Tomcat 7 from the URL you copied in the previous step:
After the download completes, decompress the file:
tar xvzf apache-tomcat-7.0.53.tar.gz
Now, move the file into a proper location:
mv apache-tomcat-7.0.53 /opt/tomcat
Before you can use Tomcat you’ll have to install the Java Development Kit (JDK). First let’s check to see if Java is installed:
If that returns the following then Java hasn’t yet been installed:
The program 'java' can be found in the following packages:
To install Java, simply run the following command (and at the prompt enter Y to continue):
apt-get install default-jdk
Now let’s set the environment variables in .bashrc:
Add this information to the end of the file:
Simply save and exit .bashrc, then make the changes effective by running the following command:
Tomcat and Java should now be installed and configured on your server. To activate Tomcat, run the following script:
You should get a result similar to:
Using CATALINA_BASE: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr/lib/jvm/default-java
Using CLASSPATH: /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Verify that Tomcat is working by visiting the_IP_of_your_server:8080. For example: http://127.0.0.1:8080