How to Install and Connect to PostgreSQL on Fedora 22

Reading Time: < 1 minutePostgreSQL (pronounced ‘post-gres-Q-L’) is a free, open-source object-relational database management system (object-RDBMS), similar to MySQL, and is standards-compliant and extensible. It is often used as a back-end for web and mobile applications. PostgreSQL, or ‘Postgres’ as it is nicknamed, adopts the ANSI/ISO SQL standards together, with the revisions.

Pre-Flight Check

  • These instructions are intended specifically for installing PostgreSQL on Fedora 22.
  • I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Self Managed Fedora 22 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.

Step 1: Add the PostgreSQL 9.3 Repository

In this case we want to install PostgreSQL 9.3 directly from the Postgres repository. Let’s add that repo: rpm -iUvh

Step 2: Install PostgreSQL

First, you’ll follow a simple best practice… ensuring the list of available packages is up to date before installing anything new: dnf -y update Then it’s a matter of just running one command for installation via apt-get: dnf -y install postgresql93 postgresql93-server postgresql93-contrib postgresql93-libs --enablerepo=pgdg93 PostgreSQL should now be installed.

Step 3: Start PostgreSQL

Configure Postgres to start when the server boots: systemctl enable postgresql-9.3 Initialize Postgres w/ the following command: /usr/pgsql-9.3/bin/postgresql93-setup initdb Which should result in: Initializing database ... OK Then start Postgres: systemctl start postgresql-9.3

Step 4: Switch to the Default PostgreSQL User

As part of the installation Postgres adds the system user postgres and is setup to use “ident” authentication. Roles internal to Postgres (which are similar to users) match with a system user account. Let’s switch into that system user: su – postgres You’ll receive a command line similar to: -bash-4.3$ And then connect to the PostgreSQL terminal (in the postgres role): psql That’s it! You’re connected and ready to run commands in PostgreSQL as the postgres role.
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