How to Install and Configure VSFTPD on Fedora 20

Reading Time: 2 minutesFTP (File Transfer Protocol) is probably the most popular method of uploading files to a server; a wide array of FTP servers, such as vsftpd, and clients exist for every platform.
Pre-Flight Check
  • These instructions are intended specifically for installing the vsfptd on Fedora 20.
  • I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Self Managed Fedora 20 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.
 
Warning: FTP data is insecure; traffic is not encrypted, and all transmissions are clear text (including usernames, passwords, commands, and data). Consider securing your FTP connection with SSL/TLS.
Step 1: Install VSFTPD As a matter of best practice we’ll update our packages: yum -y update Then let’s install vsftpd and any required packages: yum -y install vsftpd
Step 2: Configure VSFTPD
For a refresher on editing files with vim see: New User Tutorial: Overview of the Vim Text Editor Let’s edit the configuration file for vsftpd: vim /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf Disallow anonymous, unidentified users to access files via FTP; change the anonymous_enable setting to NO: anonymous_enable=NO Allow local uses to login by changing the local_enable setting to YES: local_enable=YES If you want local user to be able to write to a directory, then change the write_enable setting to YES: write_enable=YES Local users will be ‘chroot jailed’ and they will be denied access to any other part of the server; change the chroot_local_user setting to YES: chroot_local_user=YES Exit and save the file with the command :wq . Restart the vsftpd service: systemctl restart vsftpd Then set the vsftpd service to start at boot: systemctl enable vsftpd
Step 3: Allow VSFTPD Through the Firewall
Allow the default FTP port, port 21, through firewalld: firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=21/tcp And reload the firewall: firewall-cmd --reload
Possible Errors
There are a couple of common vsftpd errors that we’ve already solved for you! Check-out the following if you run into issues: Error: 500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable root inside chroot() [SOLVED] Error: 500 OOPS: priv_sock_get_cmd [SOLVED]
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