Error: Failed to connect to ‘’: Connection refused (Cassandra) [SOLVED]

Pre-Flight Check
  • These instructions are intended specifically for solving the error: Failed to connect to ‘’: Connection refused.
  • I’ll be working from both Liquid Web Core Managed CentOS 6 and CentOS 7 servers, and I’ll be logged in as root.

Error While Using Cassandra’s ‘nodetool’

This error may occur when using the ‘nodetool’ command, such as in the following example:

nodetool status

For both CentOS 6 and CentOS 7 search the following configuration file:

vim /etc/cassandra/default.conf/

For a refresher on editing files with vim see: New User Tutorial: Overview of the Vim Text Editor

Search for:

JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Djava.rmi.server.hostname=

Which for my search resulted in:

# add this if you’re having trouble connecting:
# JVM_OPTS=”$JVM_OPTS -Djava.rmi.server.hostname=<public name>”

Uncomment the second line, and add the hostname of your server, or the IP address which you’re connecting to/from. In this case, replacing <public name> with resolved the issue, because I am connecting to/from that IP address.

Then exit and save the file with the command :wq .

Be sure to restart Cassandra:

systemctl restart cassandra

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