25th Anniversary Savings | 25% Off Dedicated Servers*Shop Now
25th Anniversary Savings | 25% Off VPS Hosting* †††Shop Now
Limited Inventory: High-Performance AMD-Powered Servers Now Available.* Shop Now >

How to Upgrade MariaDB in CentOS 7

Posted on by Leya Laiju
Reading Time: 4 minutes

MariaDB is a free, open-source database management system that replaces the proprietary MySQL database management system. Many new features and changes have been added and improved in each MariaDB version. For version 10.8.0, some new features include:

  • Lag free ALTER TABLE in replication.
  • Descending indexes.
  • Auto create partition.

For those looking to take advantage of new features, this tutorial walks you through how to upgrade MariaDB on CentOS 7.

Requirements

  • A server running in Centos 7.
  • A version of MariaDB running that is not the latest version.
  • Root access to the server.

Upgrade MariaDB in CentOS 7

Step 1: Check the MariaDB and CentOS Versions

Check the current MariaDB version and CentOS version using the below commands.

mysql -V
cat /etc/centos-release

Step2: Backup the Database

When performing an upgrade, creating a backup or a dump of the existing databases is important. Dump the database with the following command.

mysqldump --all-databases > /tmp/database-backup.sql

Alternatively, copy the database directory into a separate folder using this command.

cp -a /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/mysql.backup

Backup the configuration file with this command.

cp -a /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf_bk

In case of any failures in the upgrade, you can use one of the above copies to restore your databases.

Step 3: Uninstall the Current MariaDB Repository.

You will need to uninstall the old MariaDB repositories before installing the newer version. To do so, you must first stop the MariaDB service using the below command.

systemctl stop mariadb

Check the current status of MariaDB using this command.

systemctl status mariadb

Move the current repo file using the below command.

mv /etc/yum.repos.d/mariadb.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/mariadb_bk

Step 4: Add the New MariaDB Repository

All the packages need to be up-to-date. Use the following command to update your packages.

yum update
Note:
This tutorial uses the Yum package manager. The command for updating packages will vary depending on the package manager used in your CentOS deployment.

Create a new repo file for the latest version.

vim /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

Copy and paste the following contents into the /etc/yum.repos.d/mariadb.repo file.

[mariadb] name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.6/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

To exit and save the Vim file, type :wq and press Enter.

Step 5: Uninstall the Old MariaDB Version

Uninstall the old version of MariaDB using the below command. This command completely removes the old MariaDB version and leaves the databases.

yum remove mariadb-server

Clean the repository cache on your server with this command.

yum clean all

Step 6: Install the Latest Version of MariaDB on Centos 7

Install the new version of MariaDB using the command below.

yum install MariaDB-server

To install the latest version of MariaDB and the most common packages, run the following command.

yum install MariaDB-server galera-4 MariaDB-client MariaDB-shared MariaDB-backup MariaDB-common

Step 7: Start MariaDB

Start the MariaDB service with this command.

systemctl start mariadb

Step 8: Set MariaDB to Start at Boot

To set MariaDB to start automatically when the server boots up, use the following command.

systemctl enable mariadb

Step 9:Upgrade MariaDB on CentOS 7

Run the upgrade command to upgrade MariaDB.

mysql_upgrade

Step 10: Check the Current MariaDB Version

Check the currently installed MariaDB version with this command.

mysql -V

MariaDB has been successfully upgraded to the latest version.

Step 11: Secure the MariaDB Database Server

Now that the latest MariaDB version has been installed on CentOS 7, secure it by running the following command.

mysql_secure_installation

Follow the script prompts to choose which actions to carry out.

# mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
  	SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Change the root password? [Y/n] y
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!


By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] n
 ... skipping.

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
 ... skipping.

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] n
 ... skipping.

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] n
 ... skipping.

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Wrapping Up

This tutorial will guide you on how to upgrade MariaDB in CentOS 7. It includes tips for taking a backup, uninstalling the old version, and securing MariaDB once upgraded. For database hosting, MariaDB is an excellent substitute for MySQL.

Liquid Web assists in upgrading MariaDB on managed Linux servers. Our Dedicated Servers are just one of the options from which to choose. Contact us for further assistance configuring your server.

kb-banner-lw-hosting

About the Author: Leya Laiju

Leya Laiju holds a bachelor's degree in computer science and has three years of experience as a system engineer. In addition, she has extensive experience in Linux administration, web hosting, and DNS management.

Latest Articles

PHP 7 vs PHP 8: A Comparison

Read Article

How to Create a Symbolic Link

Read Article

What Is A Private VPS Parent?

Read Article

Managed Hosting vs Unmanaged VPS Hosting

Read Article

Why Is Your IP Address Blocked?

Read Article